True Colors: The Lesbian and Gay Youth Lived Experience of the Coming out Process in Aklan


  • Archiane Lenz I. Fernandez Aklan Catholic College, Poblacion, Kalibo, Aklan, 5600, Philippines
  • Fe V. Tafalla Aklan Catholic College, Poblacion, Kalibo, Aklan, 5600, Philippines
  • Profetiza I. Maatubang Aklan Catholic College, Poblacion, Kalibo, Aklan, 5600, Philippines
  • Griselda C. Quintana Aklan Catholic College, Poblacion, Kalibo, Aklan, 5600, Philippines


gay, lesbian, Aklanon, lived experience, positive outlook, coming out


This study explored the coming out stories of 10 Aklanon gay and lesbian youth aged 18-22. Participants were asked about their experiences coming out to themselves as young gays or lesbians, friends, and parents. Colaizzi's phenomenological technique and frequency coding were used to categorize responses across narratives and better represent participant experiences. All participants acknowledged, labeled, and accepted themselves as gay or lesbians; however, two directly disclosed their gender orientation to their respective parents. One participant's parents verbally acknowledged and accepted her; the other participant's parents ignored her. Their narratives revealed that acceptance of friends and parents resulted in increased self-worth and self-acceptance, thus contributing to their development of a positive gay and lesbian identity. Silence from their parents, leniency and the belief that they should strive to be better sons and daughters are signs of parental acceptance; however, future research should look into if Aklanon gays and lesbians who are deemed to be "adolescents" or "young people" go through the same sexual identity development.


ACT for Youth Upstate Center of Excellence, 2020.

B. Pickett. “Homosexuality. In 2326089736 1586893235 E. N. Zalta (Ed.)” The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

homosexuality/. April 28, 2020 [January 28, 2023].

Britannica, T. Editors of homosexuality. “Encyclopedia Britannica.” [October 6, 2022].

Britannica, T. Editors of Encyclopaedia.. “Lesbianism” [November 10, 2022)].

B. Bernal. “Is the Philippines really gay-friendly?” 2015 [September 13, 2020].

C. P. Cruz, & R.C. Mallari (2008). “Revisiting social acceptance of homosexuality among Filipino youth: Some theoretical and Methodological Implications.” Philippine Population Review, 6(1). doi:10.3860/ppr.v6i1.204

C.A. Rozul. “The History of LGBTQ Visibility in the Philippines.” (2017). [September 13, 2020].

C. Zupanick, & A.O. Morelli. “James Marcia and Self-Identity.” [September 06, 2020].

D. Higa, M.J. Hoppe, T. Lindhorst, S. Mincer, B. Beadnell, D.M. Morrison, & S. Mountz (2012). “Negative and positive factors associated with the well-being of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and questioning (LGBTQ) youth.” Youth & Society, 46(5), 663-687. doi:10.1177/0044118x12449630

E.L. Pelco, & T.C. Ball (2018). “Identity Status, Service-Learning, and Future Plans.” Journal of Higher Education Outreach and Engagement, 22(2), 20-103.

Energy FM. Mga miyembro ng LGBTQ community paparada sa Kalibo Ati-Atihan Festival. January 10, 2019 [September 13, 2020]

H. Cardinal (2021). “Creating Safe and Inclusive Schools for LGTBQ Students.” BU Journal of Graduate Studies in Education, 13(2), 17-21.

H. Chen. “Geraldine Roman: First transgender politician elected in the Philippines.” 2016, May 10, 2016 [September 13, 2020].

Inclusive curriculum. [July 26, 2022]

Identity/Identity Formation. [September 06, 2020].

J. W. Creswell (2007). Five Qualitative Approaches to Inquiry. In J. W. Creswell

(Eds.), Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design: Choosing among five

Approaches (pp.53-84). Thousands Oaks: Sage Publications.

J. Kroger & J.E. Marcia (2011). “The identity statuses: Origins, meanings, and interpretations. In S. J. Schwartz, K. Luyckx, & V. L. Vignoles (Eds.), Handbook of identity theory and research” Springer Science + Business Media. pp. 31–53.

J. Merrick, A. Tenenbaum, & H.A. Omar (2013). “Human Sexuality and Adolescence. Frontiers in Public Health,” vol 1. doi:10.3389/fpubh.2013.00041

J.S. Phinney (1990). “Ethnic identity in adolescents and adults: Review of research.” Psychological Bulletin, 108(3), 499-514. doi:10.1037/0033-2909.108.3.499

J. Arias. “The status of LGBTQ rights in the Philippines so far.” 2019, June 10, 2019 [September 13, 2020]

J. Poblador. “Bacolod City's Pride Parade” 2019. December 29, 2019 [September 13, 2020].

K. Fricke (2010). “The Influence of Society on Queer Identity Development and Classification.” The Vermont Connection, 31(5), 37-45.

K.G. Geonanga (2018). “Formation of identity and sexual orientation of young Filipino bisexuals: An interpretative phenomenological analysis.” Asia-Pacific Social Science Review, 18(1), 15-31. Retrieved November 15, 2022, from

K. Manders. “The Renegades: Queer culture and the arts would be much poorer without the presence and contribution of butch and stud lesbians, whose identity is both its own aesthetic and a defiant repudiation of the male gaze.” The New York Times. 2020, April 13, 2020 [November 20, 2022].

K. Cherry. “Could You Be Experiencing an Identity Crisis?” 31, 2019 [November 22, 2020].

K. Cherry. “How Testing Out Different Identities Is a Part of Teenage Development.” December 07, 2019 [September 13, 2020].

L. Steinberg, & A.S. Morris (2001). “Adolescent development.” Annual Review of Psychology. 52(1), 83-110. doi:10.1146/annurev.psych.52.1.83

Lesbianism. “New World Encyclopedia.” January 26, 2021 [November 20, 2022].

Lumen Learning. “Lifespan Development.”

chapter/identity-formation/[September 13, 2020].

M. Levy. “Gay Rights Movement”. Encyclopedia Britannica. [May 26), 2022].

M. C. Gastardo-Conaco, M. B.,Jimenez, & C.F. Billedo (2003). Filipino adolescents in Changing Times. Quezon City: University Center for Women's Studies.

M.S. Reyes, R.D. Davis, A.A. David, C.C. Del Rosario, A.S. Dizon, J.M. Fernandez, & M.A. Viquiera (2017). “Stigma Burden as a Predictor of Suicidal Behavior among Lesbians and Gays in the Philippines.” Suicidology Online, 8(26), 27-36.

M. Rosario, E.W. Schrimshaw, & J. Hunter (2011). “Different Patterns of Sexual Identity Development over Time: Implications for the Psychological Adjustment of Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Youths.” Journal of Sex Research, 48(1), 3-15. doi:10.1080/00224490903331067

M. Rosario, E.W. Schrimshaw, J. Hunter, & L. Braun (2006). “Sexual identity development among lesbian, gay, and bisexual youths: Consistency and change over time.” Journal of Sex Research, 43(1), 46-58. doi:10.1080/00224490609552298.

M. Abad. “TIMELINE: SOGIE equality in the Philippines.” August 8, 2019 [Retrieved November 17, 2019].

P. Docena “Developing and Managing One's Sexual Identity: Coming Out Stories of Waray Gay Adolescents.” Philippine Journal of Psychology, vol 46 (2), pp. 75-103 (2013).

Philippine LGBT Chamber of Commerce. “Marching On: The Story of Fr. Richard Mickley [Video file].” 2019, June 11, 2019 [November 17, 2019].

R.C. Savin-Williams (1998). "... And then I became gay": Young men's stories.

New York, New York: Routledge.

R. Thoreson (2017). "Just Let us be": Discrimination against LGBT students in the Philippines. New York, NY: Human Rights Watch.

R.M. Kertzner, I.H. Meyer, D.M. Frost, & M.J. Stirratt (2009). Social and psychological well-being in lesbians, gay men, and bisexuals: The effects of race, gender, age, and sexual identity. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 79(4), 500-510. doi:10.1037/a0016848

R. Morrow, A. Rodriguez, Alison & N. King (2015) “Colaizzi’s descriptive phenomenological method.” ISSN 0952-8229. The psychologist, 28 (8). pp. 643-644.

R.O. Abatayo. “LGBTQIA groups to show off colors at '6014 Pride Parade' in Mandaue.” June 14, 2019 [September 13, 2020].

R. Lars, V. Albay, & C. Berwin. “IN PHOTOS: Thousands join 2019 Iloilo Pride March.” 2019, October 13, 2019 [November 17, 2019]

R. Rosero What You Should Know About The SOGIE Equality Bill. September 19), 2019 [September 13, 2020].

R. Thoreson “The Philippines affirmed equal rights in schools – now it should protect them.” October 28, 2020 [July 29, 2022].

Republic act no. 10627. September 12, 2013 [July 29, 2022].

S.J. Schwartz., K. Luyckx, & V.L. Vignoles (2012). “Handbook of Identity Theory and Research.” doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-7988-9

S. Heshmat. “Basics of Identity.” December 08, 2014 [September 06, 2020].

S. Lee. “How hard is it to come out in the Philippines?” CNN Philippines Life. 2016, June 17, 2016 [November 16, 2022].

T.A. Klimstra, W.W. Iii, Q.A. Raaijmakers, S.J. Branje, & W.H. Meeus (2009). “Identity Formation in Adolescence: Change or Stability?” Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 39(2), 150-162. doi:10.1007/s10964-009-9401-4.

T. Paradella. “Tracing the Origins of the Metro Manila Pride March.” ' June 29, 2019 [November 17, 2019].

Team Magazine. “A rainbow rises with a city: The 2nd Eastern Visayas Pride March.” March 20, 2017 [November 17, 2019].

The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. “Homosexuality.” Encyclopedia Britannica. November 21, 2018 [September 15, 2020].

The Lesbian Handbook [Web log post]. September 23, 2019 [January 27, 2023].

T. Theopano. “Boston Marriages.” (2015). [January 28, 2023].

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. “School-related violence and bullying on the basis of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity or Expression (SOGIE) Synthesis Report on China, the Philippines, Thailand and Viet Nam” pp. 1-85, Rep. Bangkok, Thailand: UNESCO Bangkok Office. (2018).

United Nations, Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. “The inclusion of LGBT people in education settings; of paramount importance to “leaving no one behind” [Press release].” October 2, 2019 [July 24, 2022].




How to Cite

Archiane Lenz I. Fernandez, Fe V. Tafalla, Profetiza I. Maatubang, & Griselda C. Quintana. (2023). True Colors: The Lesbian and Gay Youth Lived Experience of the Coming out Process in Aklan. International Journal of Applied Sciences: Current and Future Research Trends, 18(1), 64–105. Retrieved from