International Journal of Applied Sciences: Current and Future Research Trends https://ijascfrtjournal.isrra.org/index.php/Applied_Sciences_Journal <p style="text-align: justify;">The International Journal of Social Sciences: Current and Future Research Trends (IJSSCFRT) is an open access International Journal for scientists and researchers to publish their scientific papers in Social Sciences related fields. IJSSCFRT plays its role as a refereed international journal to publish research results conducted by researchers.</p> <p>This journal accepts scientific papers for publication after passing the journal's double&nbsp;peer review process.&nbsp; For detailed information about the journal kindly check <a title="About the Journal" href="https://ijsscfrtjournal.isrra.org/index.php/Social_Science_Journal/about">About the Journal</a>&nbsp;page.&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">All IJSSCFRT published papers in Social Sciences will be available for scientific readers for free; no fees are required to download published papers in this international journal.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> en-US <p style="text-align: justify;">Authors who submit papers&nbsp;with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <ol start="1"> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/" target="_new">Creative Commons Attribution License</a>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See&nbsp;<a href="http://opcit.eprints.org/oacitation-biblio.html" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">By submitting the processing fee, it is understood that the author has agreed to our terms and conditions which may change from time to time without any notice.</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">It should be clear for authors that the Editor In Chief is responsible for the final decision about the submitted papers; have the right to accept\reject any paper. &nbsp;The Editor In Chief will choose any option from the following to review the submitted papers:A. send the paper to two reviewers, if the results were negative by one reviewer and positive by the other one; then the editor may send the paper for third reviewer or he take immediately the final decision by accepting\rejecting the paper. The Editor In Chief will ask the selected reviewers to present the results within 7 working days, if they were unable to complete the review within the agreed period then the editor have the right to resend the papers for new reviewers using the same procedure. If the Editor In Chief was not able to find suitable reviewers for certain papers then he have the right to reject the paper.</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">Author will take the responsibility what so ever if any copyright infringement or any other violation of any law is done by publishing the research work by the author</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">Before publishing, author must check whether this journal is accepted by his employer, or any authority he intends to submit his research work. we will not be responsible in this matter.</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">If at any time, due to any legal reason, if the journal stops accepting manuscripts or could not publish already accepted manuscripts, we will have the right to cancel all or any one of the manuscripts without any compensation or returning back any kind of processing cost.</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">The cost covered in the publication fees is only for online publication of a single manuscript.</li> </ol> editor@isrra.org (Mohamad L. A. Anabtawi) support@ISRRA.org (Laras Lestari) Mon, 14 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 3.1.2.1 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Modeling and Forecasting the Spread of Novel Corona Virus Disease (COVID-19) Number of New Cases in Ethiopia https://ijascfrtjournal.isrra.org/index.php/Applied_Sciences_Journal/article/view/135 <p>The novel Corona virus disease (COVID-19) was first found in Wuhan, China in December 2019, but later spread to other parts of the world. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines a pandemic as “the worldwide spread of a new disease”. The main aim of this study was to forecast the spread of COVID-19 new cases in Ethiopia. In this study we used the data of confirmed Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) cases reported daily from March 13, 2020 until April 4, 2021 that were obtained from ministry of health Ethiopia and WHO. ARIMA model was applied to examine the data used to generate 60 days forecast. ARIMA (0, 1, 1) estimates the number of confirmed COVID-19 new cases based on a 95 percent confidence interval between March 13, 2020 and April 4, 2021. In the next two months, the maximum expected new cases per day were 2353, while the minimum estimate was 2042 cases per day. Furthermore, by the end of May 2021, the total number of confirmed COVID-19 predicted cases could reach about 343,563. Although more data are needed to have a more detailed prevision, the spread of the virus seems to be increasing according to time series plot. However the forecasting ARIMA (0, 1, 1) model shows fast increasing within a predicted time period in Ethiopia. According to the study results, the government and all concerned bodies should work to stop the pandemic from spreading through Ethiopia. Increasing the regular test potential for Covid-19 by increasing test sites and implementing successful and efficient behavioral change and communication interventions should be considered throughout the country.</p> Tesfaye Denano Sorre Copyright (c) 2021 International Scientific Research and Researchers Association (ISRRA) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://ijascfrtjournal.isrra.org/index.php/Applied_Sciences_Journal/article/view/135 Tue, 17 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Ketogenic Diet Practices for Weight Management and Health Outcomes https://ijascfrtjournal.isrra.org/index.php/Applied_Sciences_Journal/article/view/1111 <p>ketogenic diets or very-low-carbohydrate ketogenic diets (VLCKD) have been in use long time ago as treatment for epilepsy and thereafter being become widely known as one of the most common methods for obesity treatment. Therefore, the aim of the present work was to determine the efficacy of ketogenic diet in weight reduction program and also point out the health outcome and blood biochemical changes during time of dieting. &nbsp;A cross sectional study was carried out in 100 participants used ketogenic diet for their weight management from week 1 to approximately week 13 (29 male and 71 female) with those regard less their&nbsp; body mass index but with ages 32.48 ± 2.27, respectively. Pre-design questionnaire was used and data were analyzed by paired Student's <em>t </em>test or chi-square accordingly. There were no significant changes in liver and renal function test, potassium ALT, AST, and blood creatinine except slightly decreased in sodium and increased acetone . The significant (<em>P</em> &lt; 0.05) reduction in BMI (32.45 Kg/m2 to 27.4 Kg/m2), body weight (94.0 kg to 78.9&nbsp; Kg) have been found. Furthermore, the total weight loss found &nbsp;significant (19%) by which repsresent by 15 kg. Waist circumference and waist hip ratio were improved. The result also shown significant increased platelet count (P&lt; 0.05). All lipid profile shown normal except slightly increased in LDL.The three significant top food were mostly consumed meat, chicken and eggs (<em>P</em>&lt; 0.05). Although, there was some minor side effect reported by the participant include constipation, bad breathing&nbsp; and lack of appetite and no other clinical signs reported. The more weight reduction has been shown in age groups 20-30 years old (20 kg) (<em>P</em>&lt; 0.05) during time of dieting. No differences in weight reduction among male and female. The ketogenic diet lead to weight reduction, improvements in a number of risk markers included cardiovascular events and showed good compliance. Furthermore, ketogenic diet considered safe, an effective strategy for the management of overweight and obesity and promoting non-atherogenic lipid profiles, improving fasting blood glucose levels. Future research should include a larger sample size, a longer term use and a comparison with other ketogenic diets.</p> Marwa Alwerfaly, Areej Tarkhan, Sara Alzowi, Ali Ateia Elmabsout Copyright (c) 2021 International Scientific Research and Researchers Association (ISRRA) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://ijascfrtjournal.isrra.org/index.php/Applied_Sciences_Journal/article/view/1111 Tue, 14 Sep 2021 14:32:05 +0000 Contribution of Umurenge Saving and Credit Cooperatives (Saccos) to the Living Standards of Improvement of Members in Rwanda. A Case Study of Mahembe Umurenge Sacco (2017-2019) https://ijascfrtjournal.isrra.org/index.php/Applied_Sciences_Journal/article/view/1144 <p>All over the world, savings and credit cooperatives have played the fundamental starring role in promoting living standard improvement of population.&nbsp; This study focuses on the evaluation on savings and credits cooperatives on living standards improvement of SACCO’s members in Rwanda.&nbsp; The study aimed at finding out whether the saving and credit cooperatives were effective and whether they really have contribution on member’s living standards improvement in Rwanda especially in Mahembe Umurenge SACCO. &nbsp;The design of this study was a quantitative descriptive in nature. A sample size of 70 respondents were selected randomly to take part into this study and data were analyzed using statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) version 20. &nbsp;&nbsp;The findings revealed that Saving and Credits Cooperatives have a great contribution to the living standards improvement of SACCO’s members and there is a strong positive and significant relationship between saving and credit cooperatives and members’ living standards improvement and&nbsp; also a significant influence of saving and credit cooperatives on members’ living standards.</p> Ndabananiye Gamariel, Mutabazi Placide, Nizeyimana Fidele, Niyitegeka Jean Pierre Copyright (c) 2021 International Scientific Research and Researchers Association (ISRRA) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://ijascfrtjournal.isrra.org/index.php/Applied_Sciences_Journal/article/view/1144 Mon, 20 Sep 2021 20:13:33 +0000 Fighting Airborne Spread of COVID-19: An Innovative, Economical and Effective High Vacuum Extra Oral Dental Suction System (HVEDS) for Dental Practices https://ijascfrtjournal.isrra.org/index.php/Applied_Sciences_Journal/article/view/1133 <p>COVID-19 pandemic has led to a great deal of commentary about the airborne spread of the disease. It is of special concern for the dentists as most of the dental procedures generate significant amount of aerosols and droplets. Given such high risk and inevitable aerosol production in dentistry, special precautions and protective measures to ensure safe delivery of dental treatment is directed. To ensure negligence free dental practice, in addition to the standard protective procedures and measures, high vacuum extra oral dental suction system is a mandated dental armamentarium. Most commercially available vacuum aspirators are pricey and require special units with which they can work. In a country like Pakistan, where expensive armamentarium is neither available, nor easily affordable, we present an economical yet effective, high volume extra oral dental suction system for the dental offices which does not require heavy monetary investment. An in-house alternate to the commercially available extra oral aspirator is introduced here. We devised a make-shift extra oral aerosol aspirator which can be effortlessly assembled with the materials easily available around dental offices. When tried in use, the aerosol and spatter was eliminated through the cone-shaped oil key and collected into the collection bin as observed visually. The equipment, due to its high vacuum suction capability sucks the aerosol and splatter from the working area to the collection cone. Post COVID-19, we can expect a lot of changes in the infection control practices and guidelines. The use of extra oral vacuum aspiration along with the conventional protocol has been recommended to protect both the dental staff and the patients as the high vacuum extra oral aspirator may offer the way to reduce the generated aerosol particulate.</p> Mervyn Hosein, Ayesha Hanif , Haroon Rashid Baloch, Saima Quraeshi Copyright (c) 2021 International Scientific Research and Researchers Association (ISRRA) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://ijascfrtjournal.isrra.org/index.php/Applied_Sciences_Journal/article/view/1133 Wed, 22 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Newborn Care Practice and Associated Factors Among Mothers of a Child Less Than Ten Month in Bonke District, Gamo Zone, Southern Ethiopia https://ijascfrtjournal.isrra.org/index.php/Applied_Sciences_Journal/article/view/78 <p>Restricted Access.</p> Prasad Bhattarai, Tewfik Suleman Copyright (c) https://ijascfrtjournal.isrra.org/index.php/Applied_Sciences_Journal/article/view/78 Mon, 14 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Crop Water Requirements and Irrigation Schedules for Five Major Crops in Kankai Irrigation System https://ijascfrtjournal.isrra.org/index.php/Applied_Sciences_Journal/article/view/79 <p>Restricted Access.</p> Muhammad Jawad, Shamiala Gull Copyright (c) https://ijascfrtjournal.isrra.org/index.php/Applied_Sciences_Journal/article/view/79 Mon, 14 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Analysis of Conservation Voltage Reduction (CVR) Factor for Various Types of Loads https://ijascfrtjournal.isrra.org/index.php/Applied_Sciences_Journal/article/view/80 <p>Restricted Access.</p> OBED JOHN DAGWA, Furqan Ali Copyright (c) https://ijascfrtjournal.isrra.org/index.php/Applied_Sciences_Journal/article/view/80 Mon, 14 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Potential Water Reservoirs Sites Mapping using Geo-spatial Technology https://ijascfrtjournal.isrra.org/index.php/Applied_Sciences_Journal/article/view/74 <p>Restricted Access.</p> kifle kassaw, APOSTOLOS KLONIS, Gogoi Niku Copyright (c) https://ijascfrtjournal.isrra.org/index.php/Applied_Sciences_Journal/article/view/74 Mon, 14 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Comparative Analysis of Routing Protocols AODV, DSDV, DSR &TORA https://ijascfrtjournal.isrra.org/index.php/Applied_Sciences_Journal/article/view/75 <p>Restricted Access.</p> Goytom Welegerima Copyright (c) https://ijascfrtjournal.isrra.org/index.php/Applied_Sciences_Journal/article/view/75 Mon, 14 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Effect of Water Salinity Concentration on Flathead Grey Mullet Performance https://ijascfrtjournal.isrra.org/index.php/Applied_Sciences_Journal/article/view/81 <p>Restricted Access.</p> Habtamu Getnet, Demeke Kifle, Tadesse Fetahi Copyright (c) https://ijascfrtjournal.isrra.org/index.php/Applied_Sciences_Journal/article/view/81 Mon, 14 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Generalized Rough Convex Sets in Euclidean Space Eⁿ https://ijascfrtjournal.isrra.org/index.php/Applied_Sciences_Journal/article/view/72 <p>Restricted Access.</p> Amera Malaco Copyright (c) https://ijascfrtjournal.isrra.org/index.php/Applied_Sciences_Journal/article/view/72 Mon, 14 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Newborn Care Practice and Associated Factors Among Mothers of a Child Less Than Ten Month in Bonke District, Gamo Zone, Southern Ethiopia https://ijascfrtjournal.isrra.org/index.php/Applied_Sciences_Journal/article/view/143 <p>Restricted Access.</p> Prasad Bhattarai, Tewfik Suleman Copyright (c) https://ijascfrtjournal.isrra.org/index.php/Applied_Sciences_Journal/article/view/143 Fri, 06 Aug 2021 07:54:41 +0000