On-Site Energy Utilization Evaluation of Telecommunication Base Station a Case Study of Western Uganda


  • Aceronga Kwocan Kampala International university, Ggaba road, Kansanga, Kampala, P.O. Box: 20000, Uganda
  • Muhammed Dahiru Buhari Kampala International university, Ggaba road, Kansanga, Kampala, P.O. Box: 20000, Uganda
  • Kelechi Ukagwu John Kampala International university, Ggaba road, Kansanga, Kampala, P.O. Box: 20000, Uganda
  • Jonathan Serugunda Makerere University, University Road, Makerere Hill, Kampala, P.O. Box: 7062, Uganda


Base stations, Traffic load, Energy, Power consumption, Models


In Uganda, the need for network coverage has expanded dramatically over the past few years in both urban and rural areas. As of March 2022, there were 30.6 million mobile phone subscribers and more than 4300 base station sites, thus this increase calls for the development of base stations for the end users to transmit and receive both calls and data. As network operators continue to add base stations to meet customer demand, this is increasing monthly. Energy use also rises as a result of this rise in coverage needs. Power consumption increases as traffic increases, although this scenario changes from geolocation to geolocation because traffic loads at sites in rural and urban areas vary. Thus, it is vital to examine these sites and provide a model that network operators can use in order to handle various power consumption issues. This study evaluated how traffic volume affected energy usage in both rural and urban areas of Ishaka and Mbarara City. Because the effects of traffic load on both rural and urban sites were not sufficiently taken into consideration by earlier models. To investigate these effects of traffic load on power usage, regression models are used. On the basis of data gathered over twenty-eight days, linear models have been provided at three urban and rural areas. Based on the site layouts, the results demonstrated that both rural and urban BTS were well-fitted by the recommended linear models.


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How to Cite

Kwocan, A., Muhammed Dahiru Buhari, Kelechi Ukagwu John, & Jonathan Serugunda. (2023). On-Site Energy Utilization Evaluation of Telecommunication Base Station a Case Study of Western Uganda. International Journal of Applied Sciences: Current and Future Research Trends, 18(1), 42–63. Retrieved from https://ijascfrtjournal.isrra.org/index.php/Applied_Sciences_Journal/article/view/1350