Effect of NPSB Fertilizer Rates on Growth, Yield, and Yield Components of Haricot Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) Varieties at Mid-altitude of Hadiya, Ethiopia


  • Desta Abayechaw Wondogenet Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Phone: +251926482323; P.O.BOX. 198 Shashemene, Ethiopia
  • Ermias Ejamo Misrak Badewcho Woreda Agriculture & Rural Development Office, Hadiya, Ethiopia; Phone: +251910062476


Blended fertilizer, boron, haricot bean varieties, nitrogen, phosphorus, sulfur Desta Abayechaw


Haricot bean is among the most important pulse crops cultivated in Ethiopia. Nevertheless, its productivity in the country remains far below the genetic potential to be attained. This is partly due to low soil fertility management and a lack of improved varieties. The study was conducted to evaluate the effects of blended NPSB fertilizer rates on growth, yield, and yield components of haricot bean varieties and to identify economically feasible rates of blended NPSB fertilizer at Misrak Badawcho woreda, Hadiya Zone of Southern Ethiopia during the 2019 main cropping season. The treatments have consisted of the factorial arrangements of five rates of blended NPSB fertilizer (0,50,100,150 and 200 kg ha-1) and three varieties of haricot bean (Hawassa Dume, Ibado, and Nasir). These treatments were laid out in factorial combinations using randomized complete block design (RCBD) and replicated three times. Data on phenological, growth, yield and yield components were collected and analyzed. The results of the study revealed that significantly the highest number of pods plant-1 (34.26) and plant height (54 cm) were recorded from variety Nasir, the highest number of primary branches plant-1 (4.9), number of seeds pod-1 (4.7), grain yield (2048 kg ha-1), harvest index (56%) was recorded from variety Hawassa-Dume, whereas hundred seed weight (74.2g) and above-ground dry biomass (4819.67 kg ha-1) were recorded from variety Ibado. The highest number of primary branches  plant-1 (5.22), plant height  (53  cm), number of seeds  pod-1(4.38), grain yield (2199.8 kg ha-1), and harvest index (51.22%) were recorded from the maximum NPSB blended fertilizer rate of 200 kg ha-1 applied, however, it was statistically at par with rates of  100 and 150 kg NPSB ha-1, while maximum above-ground dry biomass (5462.5 kg ha-1) was recorded from 150 kg  NPSB  ha-1, however,  it was statistically at par with treatment  100  kg NPSB  ha-1

Partial budget analysis showed that the variety Hawassa-Dume and application of blended NPSB fertilizer rate of 100kg ha-1 resulted from maximum net benefit of (28635.3-birr ha-1) and (25127.93-birr ha-1) respectively. Thus, blended fertilizer at the rate of 100 kg NPSB ha-1and variety Hawassa-Dume proved to be superior concerning yield and economic advantage for the study area.   


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How to Cite

Desta Abayechaw, & Ermias Ejamo. (2019). Effect of NPSB Fertilizer Rates on Growth, Yield, and Yield Components of Haricot Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) Varieties at Mid-altitude of Hadiya, Ethiopia. International Journal of Applied Sciences: Current and Future Research Trends, 4(01), 12–29. Retrieved from https://ijascfrtjournal.isrra.org/index.php/Applied_Sciences_Journal/article/view/1161