History, Adverse Effect and Clean Up Strategies of Oil Spillage

  • Abdulhalim Musa Abubakar Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Modibbo Adama University (MAU), P.M.B 2076, Yola, Adamawa State, Nigeria
  • Musa Alhassan Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Maiduguri (UNIMAID), P.M.B 1069, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria
Keywords: Oil spill, Clean up, Oil recovery, Oil Tankers, List of oil spills

Abstract

Over 178 billion liters of oil had been lost to the environment over the past 120 years, majorly as a result of improper handling, sabotage and accidents. Estimated cost of this lost is 81 billion US dollars. From the highest, locations most impacted by the spills are Kuwait, United States, Persian Gulf, Mexico and Nigeria. The effect is felt as a whole by living organisms (birds, livestock, plants, soil micro-organisms, fish, intertidal fauna, dwarf seahorse, humans etc) and their habitats. This paper investigates, clean up techniques like boom, skimmers, berms, dispersants, in-situ burning, sorbents, bioremediation and high-pressure hosing, noting that none of these is effective and search has to continue towards finding a more effective clean up approach. It can be concluded that the best way to tackle the menace of oil spillage is prevention.

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Published
2021-10-08
How to Cite
Abubakar, A. M., & Alhassan, M. (2021). History, Adverse Effect and Clean Up Strategies of Oil Spillage. International Journal of Applied Sciences: Current and Future Research Trends , 11(1), 31-51. Retrieved from https://ijascfrtjournal.isrra.org/index.php/Applied_Sciences_Journal/article/view/1145
Section
Articles