Determination of the Chemical Composition of Banana Leaves Wax

  • Kaana Asemave Dept. Chemistry, Benue State University, Makurdi - Nigeria
  • Stephen Anthony Ujah Dept. Chemistry, Benue State University, Makurdi - Nigeria
Keywords: Agricultural residues, Banana Wax, Palmitic acid, Linoleic acid

Abstract

Banana cultivation generates an enormous number of agricultural residues, such as pseudo-stems and leaves. These residues are regarded as an unutilized sustainable biomass resource. Hence the research considers extraction of banana leaves wax and its characterization. Soxhlet apparatus was used for the extraction and a yield of 0.97wt% was found. Thereafter, solubility, FTIR, GC-MS, and UV/visible analyses were performed on the wax. The wax was soluble in hexane and ethyl acetate but insoluble in methanol and ethanol. The FTIR absorption peaks of 3373.2-3384.4, 2922.2-2851.4, 1738.9-1666.1 cm­-1 implied the presence of alcohol, saturated organic compounds, and then ester/aldehyde/ketones/carboxylic acid, respectively. The λmax for the wax was found at 360 nm.  The second absorption was found at 400 nm. These results indicate the presence of unsaturated compounds. Thus, the wax contains long chain alkanes, alcohols, esters, aldehydes and carboxylic acids. However, the predominant groups of chemicals present in the wax are palmitic acid (C16), linoleic acid (C18); lesser amounts of esters, alcohols, aldehydes, and alkanes. The banana wax can be used in making cosmetics, inks, candles, packaging materials and so on.

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Published
2021-10-03
How to Cite
Asemave, K., & Ujah, S. A. (2021). Determination of the Chemical Composition of Banana Leaves Wax. International Journal of Applied Sciences: Current and Future Research Trends , 11(1), 23-30. Retrieved from https://ijascfrtjournal.isrra.org/index.php/Applied_Sciences_Journal/article/view/1132
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Articles