Solid Waste Generation, Disposal and Management in Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria


  • Folasade Aderonke Olorunlana Department of geography and planning sciences, adekunle ajasin university, akungba-akoko, 342111, ondo state, nigeria


waste generation, waste disposal, collection, management


The generation and disposal of solid waste is an intrinsic part of any developing society when not properly manage will result to environmental land degradation and eventual threat to the physical environment.  Generation of waste in large volume does not constitute a problem but inability to dispose them off on time and properly by individuals and governments.  The aim of this paper is to examine solid waste generation, how wastes are dispose off and the management strategies employed in the study area.   Information was obtained using a total of 250 copies of questionnaire administered to residents using random sampling technique.  Descriptive statistics were used to present and analyse the data while chi-square was used to test the hypothesis.  The study revealed that there are different types of waste generated and various methods used in disposing solid waste such as open dumpsite, in drains and streets, into streams and river channels, nearby bush, burning and excavation by waste management.    This paper recommends that Storage bins should be provided for each household at a reasonable cost. This will make collection easy for the waste collectors, government should increase and improve on the funds allocated to waste management operators to carry out their management responsibilities and the waste management authority should educate the citizens on proper storage of waste and thus to ensure good living environment.


. Y.B. Anifowose, K.E. Omole and O. Akingbade. “Waste Disposal Site Selection using Remote Sensing and GIS: A Study of Akure and its Environs, Southwest-Nigeria,” in Proceedings of the Environmental Management Conference, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria, 2011, pp.2-9.

. A.A. Alsamawi, A.T. Zboon and A. Alnakeeb. “Estimation of Baghdad Municipal Solid Waste Generation Rate,” Engineering and Technology Journal, vol.127, pp.15, 2009.

. State of Vermont Agency of Natural Resources Department of Environmental Conservation. “Solid Waste Management Rules,” (8th Ed., Vol. 1). Internet: Https://, 2012.

. T. Karak, R.M. Bhagat, R. and P. Bhattacharyya. “Municipal Solid Waste Generation,Composition, and Management: The World Scenario,” Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 42(15), 1509-1630, 2012.

. B.N. Aliyu. “An Analysis of Municipal Solid Waste in Kano Metropolis, Nigeria,” Journal of Human Ecology. Vol.31(2): pp.111-119, 2010.

. J. Saghir and J. Santoro. (2018). Urbanization in Sub-Saharan Africa:Meeting Challenges by Bridging Stakeholders. Internet: publication/180411_Saghir_UrbanizationAfrica_Web.pdf?o02HMOfqh99KtXG6ObTacIKKmRvk0 Owd, 2018.

. E. Mazhindu, T. Gumbo and T. Gondo. “Waste Management Threats to Human Health and Urban Aquatic Habitats – A Case Study of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia,” Waste Management - An Integrated Vision, IntechOpen, DOI: 10.5772/48077. Internet: waste-management-threats-to-human-health-and-urban-aquatic-habitats-a-case-study-of-addisababa, 2012.

. J.R. Adewumi and F.O. Ajibade. “The Pollution Effects of Indiscriminate Disposal of Wastewater on Soil in Semi-Urban Area,” Journal of Applied Science and Environmental Management, vol.19(3), pp. 412 – 419, 2015.

. M.A. Adebayo and D.N. Mbazor. “An Assessment of Solid Waste Management in Akure, Nigeria,” in Proc. The Joint International Conference, 21st–24th March 2016.

. J.O. Daramola, A. Oyinlana and E.V. Olamide. “ An Assesssment of Solid Waste Generation, Disposal and Management in Ado-Ekiti Metropolia,” Journal of Environmental Sciences, pp.1-7, 2022.

. O. George. (2010). “Social effects of poor sanitation and waste management on poor urban communities: a neighbourhood?specific study of Sabon Zongo, Accra,” Journal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability, vol.3(2), pp.145-160, 2010.

. A.F. Ibimilua and F.O. Ibimilua. “Categorisation Characterization, Management and Future Trends Solid Wastes in Ado-Ekiti Nigeria,” Mediterranean Journal of Social Science. MCSER Publishing, Rome-Italy Vol. 6 N0 435, 2015.

. E. Amasuomo and J. Baird. “The Concept of Waste and Waste Management,” Journal of Management and Sustainability, vol.6(4), pp.88-96, 2016.

. National Bureau of Statistics. “Demographic Statistics Bulletin,” National Bureau of Statistics, Abuja, FCT, pp.7, 2018.

. W. Bakare. “Solid Waste Management in Nigeria.” Internet:, March 31, 2020.

. Federal Ministry of Environment. Policy Guidelines on Solid Waste Management; developed by Federal Ministry of Environment, Abuja July 2005.

. T.C. Ogwueleka. “Municipal solid waste characteristics and management in Nigeria,” Iranian Journal of Environmental Health, Science and Engineering, vol. 6(3), 173-180, 2010.

. B. Onu, T. Price, S. Surendran and S. Ebie. “Solid Waste Management: A Critique of Nigeria’s Waste Management Policy,” International Journal of Knowledge, Culture and Change Management, vol. 11, pp. 373-400, 2001.

. O.M Ojo. “Evaluation of Solid Waste Management in Akure South-Western, Nigeria,” European International Journal of Science and Technology, vol. 9(12), pp.51-61, 2020.

. K. Donevska, M. Jovanovski, A. Efremov and J. Papic. “Impact Assessment of solid waste landfill in the Municipality of Center Zupa”, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Skopje, Republic of Macedonia, pp.8, 2006.




How to Cite

Folasade Aderonke Olorunlana. (2022). Solid Waste Generation, Disposal and Management in Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria. International Journal of Applied Sciences: Current and Future Research Trends, 15(1), 129–135. Retrieved from