A Preliminary Development of an Integer Goal Programming Model for the Diet Planning of Malaysian Adolescent Athletes


  • Zuraida Alwadood School of Mathematical Sciences, College of Computing, Informatics and Media, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Nur Fadhlin Husna Ayob School of Mathematical Sciences, College of Computing, Informatics and Media, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Norlenda Mohd Noor School of Mathematical Sciences, College of Computing, Informatics and Media, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia


Diet Planning, Adolescent Athletes, Mathematical Programming Model


Adolescent athletes need good nutrient intake to support the high level of daily physical activity and the growth development. This paper presents the preliminary works in the development of an integer goal programming model with the objective to produce a nutritious daily diet menu plan that best satisfy the nutrient requirement intake for Malaysian adolescent athlete aged between 13 to 18 years old. To identify the required nutrition, this study put forward the analysis on the varieties of nutrition that are required by adolescent athletes.  To formulate the new mathematical model, a cross analysis among past studies which employed mathematical programming techniques in diet planning problem is comprehensively presented.  This analysis investigated the elements that constitutes a mathematical model, which are the model objective functions, constraints, sets and parameters. A set of model objective functions which maximize protein intake while minimizing fat consumption is the anticipated novelty of this study. The solution to the mathematical programming model is expected to be referred as a guideline for sport schools to prepare nutritious diet meals for Malaysian adolescent athletes.


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How to Cite

Alwadood, Z., Ayob, N. F. H., & Noor, N. M. (2022). A Preliminary Development of an Integer Goal Programming Model for the Diet Planning of Malaysian Adolescent Athletes. International Journal of Applied Sciences: Current and Future Research Trends, 15(1), 52–66. Retrieved from https://ijascfrtjournal.isrra.org/index.php/Applied_Sciences_Journal/article/view/1293