Review about Emission Reduction in Oil Extraction Using Low Methane Fuels in Natural Gas Combustion Engines

  • Ander Ruiz Zardoya Siemens Engines SAU. Order Execution & Support. Barrio Oikia, 44, Zumaia (20750), Gipuzkoa, Spain
  • Iñaki Loroño Lucena UPV/EHU. Departamento de Ciencias y Técnicas de la Navegación, Máquinas y Construcciones Navales. Escuela de Ingeniería de Bilbao (Edificio Portugalete); María Díaz de Haro, 68; 48920 Portugalete, Spain
  • Iñigo Oregui Bengoetxea Siemens Engines R&D. Department of Thermal Engines. Leonardo Da Vinci Kalea, 12, Vitoria-Gasteiz (01510), Álava, Spain
  • José A. Orosa Department of N. S. and Marine Engineering, Universidade da Coruña, Paseo de Ronda, 51, 15011 A Coruña, Spain
Keywords: Associated petroleum gas, internal combustion engine, low me-thane number


Gas flaring is the burning process of the unwanted raw natural gas that cannot be processed or sold during the oil and gas extraction and process operations. Some decades ago, gas flaring was considered to be environmentally acceptable. Nevertheless, the growth of the oil and gas industry has resulted in an increase of gas flaring; alerting the public its dangerous impact on the environment. After this increasing consciousness, scientists have started working to tackle it. From this review, an alternative to generate electricity and heat with associated petroleum gas (APG) is proposed in accordance with fabricants. The proposed method is to burn the APG, which is a low methane number fuel, with a new branded Siemens SGE-86EM 2MW natural gas internal combustion engine. Finally, the main conclusion obtained is a need to investigate the technical feasibility and understand the combustion phenomenon in natural gas engines operating low methane number fuels as well as proposing a technology as an alternative to the present gas flaring; which is facing severe challenges due to the stringent emissions norms.


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How to Cite
Ander Ruiz Zardoya, Iñaki Loroño Lucena, Iñigo Oregui Bengoetxea, & José A. Orosa. (2021). Review about Emission Reduction in Oil Extraction Using Low Methane Fuels in Natural Gas Combustion Engines. International Journal of Applied Sciences: Current and Future Research Trends , 12(1), 53-60. Retrieved from